“Elijah, rise and begin speaking with me about the precepts, since you are my help in everything. About you [and your root soul], it was first mentioned, Phinehas son of Eleazar son of Aaron the priest (Numbers 25:11). Son of Aaron assuredly is his brother, as [At all times a companion is loving], and a brother was born for [the hour of] trouble (Proverbs 17:17).
He opened the discussion saying, It is a commandment to discuss the laws of a suspected wife, as written: Then a spirit of jealousy may come over him and he will be jealous (Numbers 5:14). Surely, a spirit of uncleanness exists on both sides, one false and one true. Therefore, in the spirit of falseness, he will be jealous about his wife, she not being defiled (ibid.), and the second: Then a spirit of jealousy may come over him… with her being defiled (ibid.).
Could there possibly be any truth in a spirit of uncleanness? It is because in a man, who stems from the Tree of Good and Evil, there exists the evil impulse, the serpent. When a man has a beautiful wife [which is his soul] in all her good deeds, it is said, A virtuous woman is a crown for her husband (Proverbs 12:4). The evil impulse is jealous, as we have found that [the serpent] was jealous of Adam because of his wife, so it seduced her and caused her to die. Sometimes it dominates her through sins and defiles her, and she becomes a carcass.
The evil impulse on its right side, is the rank of Ishmael and, is called serpent. From the left side, which is the rank of Esau, who is Samael, it is called dog. Appointed over Hell [cf. Cerberus]—it barks—הַב הַב hav hav, as written: The leech has two daughters, הַב הַב [hav hav] ‘give’ and ‘give’ (ibid. 30:15). It wishes to burn the soul that was made unclean with its fire in Hell. That is what is meant by: Then a spirit of jealousy may come over him and he will be jealous—truthfully; with her being defiled.
And for her, it was said, should a priest’s daughter—Michael [who denotes Ḥesed, the soul is his daughter]. When she degrades herself whoring, she has degraded her father, in fire shall she be burned (Leviticus 21:9). There the filth is destroyed and she purifies herself of it, just as silver that purifies in fire and lead, which is the refuse, is burnt, becomes ash and is lost.
It is the same with the children of Israel. When they desecrate Torah, the blessed Holy One sends them into exile among the children of Esau and the children of Ishmael under their servitude, whose rank is of the dog and a serpent, and they are punished there. Through them, they become cleared and purified and refined like the refinement of silver and the trying of gold. This is what is said: And I will refine them as silver is refined, and will test them as gold is tested (Zechariah 13:9) until it will hold true of them: Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow (Isaiah 1:18).
It is written of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil: And YHWH showed him a tree, and he flung it into the water, and the water turned sweet [Exodus 15:25]. Since the children of Israel were with the motley throng, they were all of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Therefore, it is half sweet from the right and half bitter from the left. When the motley throng caused the children of Israel to sin, it was as if all were on the Other Side. Consequently, the waters returned to their bitter state like the tree in the water. This is what is meant by and they came to Marah, and could not drink water from Marah, for it was bitter [Exodus 15:23]. The bitter tree was similar to the test of a סוֹטָה [sotah] suspected wife. If she indeed strayed from her husband, the waters which she was made to drink turned bitter, and because of them her belly will swell, and her thigh sag [Numbers 5:27]. If she did not stray, it is written she will be cleared, and sown with seed [ibid.28] and give birth to a son. Here too, the waters were made sweet.
In the same manner, Israel will be tested in the last redemption. Many shall purify themselves, and make themselves white [Daniel 12:10]—those who are from the good side and who pass the test. But the wicked shall do wickedly [ibid.]—because they are from the Other Side and by them shall be fulfilled: Neither shall they enter into the Land of Israel [Ezekiel 13:9], and He kills them.
But the wise shall understand [Daniel 12:10], since they are from the side of Binah, understanding, which is the Tree of Life. For them, it was said they who are wise shall shine like the Zohar, brightness, in the firmament [ibid. 3] with your composition [Rabbi Shim’on son of Yoḥai] which is the book of Zohar, from the light of Supernal Mother [called] Repentance [lit., Returning]. They do not require a test and, because the children of Israel in the future will taste from the Tree of Life, which is this book of Zohar, they will leave the exile with Compassion. It will hold true about them YHWH alone did lead him, no alien God by His side [Deuteronomy 32:12].
The Tree of the Knowledge, good and evil, prohibition or permission, purity or impurity, will no longer apply to the children of Israel, since our sustenance will be solely from the side of the Tree of Life, where there are no contradictions stemming from the Other Side, nor any strife nor difference stemming from the unclean spirit, as is written And also I will cause… the unclean spirit to pass out of the land [Zechariah 13:2].
The Torah scholars will not need to be sustained by the ignorant, just from the good side by eating of the clean, kosher and permissible. They will not need to get it from the motley throng, who eat the unclean, unfit and prohibited, and who are themselves defiled by defiling themselves with a woman in menstruation, a slave-girl, a gentile woman or a prostitute. They are the children of Lilith, who is a menstruant, a slave-girl, a gentile woman and a prostitute, and they return to their roots. About them, it is written: For out of the serpent’s root shall come forth an adder (Isaiah 14:29).
During the period that the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil dominates, which pertains to the purity and impurity of worldly things, these sages—who are similar to the Sabbaths and holidays in that they have only what is given to them by the worldly—are like the Sabbath which has nothing except what was prepared for it during the weekdays.
During the time that the Tree of Life dominates, the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil is subdued. Commoners will not have anything except for what Torah scholars hand out to them and they will become subdued like never before.
Thus, prohibition and permission, purity and impurity will not pass away from the commoners. From their aspect, there will be no apparent difference between the exile and the days of Messiah, except for the oppression of Israel by other kingdoms alone [BT Berakhot 34b], because they will not taste from the Tree of Life and they will need to learn [Mishnah] about what is prohibited and permissible, what is unclean and clean. They will be shamed in front of a Torah scholar like darkness before light, since the motley throng are like beasts, who are ignorant, who are darkness and were not even called Israel, just slaves sold to Israel, as was already explained.
Israel are called אָדָם [adam] human. How do we know that the children of [Israel] are composed of both beast and man? It is written: And you My flock, the flock of My pasture, are אָדָם [adam] men (Ezekiel 34:31). And you My flock, the flock of My pasture—those who are ignorant of Torah but are good and stem from the good side. Are אָדָם [adam] man—Torah scholars.
It is also alluded to in, If My people would but heed Me, if Israel would go in My ways (Psalms 81:14). After mentioning My people, why say Israel? Because My people refers to commoners and Israel alludes to Torah scholars. For them, it is mentioned: The sons of Israel going out with a high hand (Exodus 14:8).
As the blessed Holy One divided them at Mount Sinai, so He will differentiate them at the last redemption, because it says of Israel: And the sons of Israel went up חֲמֻשִׁים [ḥamushim] armed, from the land of Egypt (Exodus 13:18). חֲמֻשִׁים [ḥamushim] armed—from the side of the Tree of Life [Ze’eir Anpin] which are the חֲמִישִׁים [ḥamishim] fifty, years of Jubilee [Binah]. About them, it says, Whosoever touches the mountain (Exodus 19:13); And the messenger of God that was going before the camp of Israel moved and went behind them (Exodus 14:19). And, I bore you on the wings of eagles (Exodus 19:4)—clouds of glory, and brought you to Me (ibid.). The sons of Israel going out with a high hand (Exodus 14:8)—so He will bring out the Torah scholars with all that honor.
It is mentioned by those who are ignorant of Torah yet are of the good side: And they stationed themselves at the bottom of [lit., under] the mountain (Exodus 19:17)—so will they be at the last redemption, under Torah scholars, like a slave that follows along the horse’s footsteps of his lord. Just as it was called out to them under the mountain: ‘If you accept Torah, it is better, but if not, there will be your burial place [BT Shabbat 88a],’ so He will tell them at the last redemption, ‘If you will accept upon yourselves a Torah scholar during the redemption from the exile, like a horse rider with his attendant servant, it is best, and if not, there in exile shall be your burial.
The motley throng are as it is written of them: And the people saw and they drew back and stood at a distance (Exodus 20:18). They will be far from the redemption and they will watch the Torah scholars and the holy nation in all this glory, but they will be far from them. If they wish to join with them, it is written: No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or be shot (Exodus 19:13). During that period, it will come true for Israel: YHWH alone did lead him, no alien God by His side (Deuteronomy 32:12). It was already explained that no new converts will be accepted during the days of Messiah. [The steps of His faithful He watches,] and the wicked in darkness turn dumb (1 Samuel 2:9)—the motley throng. Therefore, the prophet proclaimed about them: Neither shall they enter into the land of Israel (Ezekiel 13:9).
Elijah said: Faithful Shepherd [Moses], it is time to rise up. You intone a solemn oath. For your sake, I wish to rise, since the blessed Holy One, gave me permission to reveal myself to you in your prison, in your place of burial, and do you good because you are desecrated through the sins of the people, and this is the meaning of: But he was wounded for our transgressions (Isaiah 53:5).
The Faithful Shepherd [Moses] said to him: I intone on you solemnly the name of יהוה that you will do your utmost not to delay since I am in great distress: And he turned this way and that and saw that there was no man about (Exodus 2:12)—to help me, to take me out of this distress, from this grave, since it says about me, And he made his grave with the wicked (Isaiah 53:9). They do not recognize me but regard me as one of the evil motley throng, like a dead dog that has caused a stench among them. The wisdom of the scribes shall become vapid among them in each and every city [see BT Sotah 49], and in all places where Israel are scattered throughout their kingdoms. The motley throng become the shepherds of Israel, who are the flock of the blessed Holy One, as it is said about them: And you My flock, the flock of My pasture, are men, [and I am your God, says YHWH God] (Ezekiel 34:31). And they have no ability to do good with Torah scholars.
Courageous and sin-fearing men go about from one city to another and find no grace, and the motley throng excommunicate them from among them. In many places, they are only given a meager sum so they are unable to rise from their fall, even temporarily. All the sages, able men and those who fear sin in distress and gloom and are treated like dogs [cf. BT Sotah 49b]. The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter! (Lamentations 4:2), in the streets, unable to find accommodation among them. Meanwhile the motley throng are wealthy, live in peace, in happiness, without pain, without any sorrow, robbers, bribe takers, who are the judges, the elite of their people, for the earth is filled with outrage by them (Genesis 6:13). About them, it is written: Her adversaries have become the chief (Lamentations 1:5). [The Faithful Shepherd, Moses, said to Elijah:] With a solemn oath on you, the second time, upon the life, and name, of YHWH of Hosts, the God of Israel, who is enthroned upon the cherubs, that all these words will not fail from your mouth; with all your might, tell them before the blessed Holy One to show their distress” (Zohar 3:124b, Ra’aya Meheimna Naso).