Happy the People that Know the Shofar’s Blast
“Happy the people who know the תְרוּעָה (teru’ah), blast. O YHWH, they walk in the light of Your presence (Psalms 89:16). Happy the people who know—and it is not written who hear. Who know the blast: by virtue of the wise, who know through the air of the Holy Land [cf. BT Bava Batra 158b], they know teru’ah, the blast—mystery of teru’ah, as is written: תְּרֹעֵם (Tero’em), You will smash them, with a rod of iron (Psalms 2:9). What nation is like Israel, who know supernal mysteries of their Lord—to come before Him and draw near to Him? All those who know the mystery of teru’ah may draw near, to walk in the light of the countenance of the blessed Holy One. This is the primordial light that the blessed Holy One has treasured away for the righteous. So one should know it” (Zohar 3:231b, cf. ibid. 3:100b).
“But now there is need of a doctor to know by how many degrees the pulse of the patient, Israel, has increased in the exile of Edom, for it is said of him, I am in a fever of love (Song of Songs 5:8). For a number of doctors gathered over him to consider the pulse in order to know when his illness would come to an end, but not one of them could understand them, for no doctor is competent to read the pulse of this particular patient, for there are beats of Teqiah Shevarim Teru’ah Teqiah, Teqiah Shevarim Teqiah, Teqiah Teru’ah Teqiah, as the prophet said of them, Like a woman with child, that draws near the time of her delivery, is in pain, and cries out in her pangs (Isaiah 26:17).
And all the ten shofar blasts are included in three תְּקִיעָה שְׁבָרִים תְּרוּעָה (Teqi’ah Shevarim Teru’ah). תְּקִיעָה (Teqiah), Blast—the length of exile. שְׁבָרִים (Shevarim), Moaning—the proximity of exile. תְּרוּעָה (Teru’ah), Wailing Alarm—the coming redemption; teaching of the duress after duress with no respite between them [cf. BT Rosh ha-Shanah 33b–34a]. And clearly, since the other nations make Israel’s exile more difficult, it is the duress that they exert which brings the redemption closer. And so too the patient’s pulse: beats come faster, one after the other, with no space between them, and the man’s soul-breath leaves him.
קשר״ק קש״ק קר״ק (Teqi’ah Shevarim Teru’ah, Teqi’ah Teqi’ah Shevarim, Teqi’ah Teqi’ah Teru’ah, Teqi’ah) [mystery of the heart’s beating]—קֶשֶׁר (qesher), conspiracy, by which שֶׁקֶר (sheqer), falsehood, is removed from the world [cf. BT Rosh ha-Shanah 16b]. Concerning this was the oath: מִלְחָמָה לַיהוָה בַּעֲמָלֵק (milḥamah la-Adonai ba-Amaleq), War for YHWH against Amalek for all time [the intial letters of which are numerically equivalent to ע״ב (seventy-two), cf. TZ 67a; TZḤ 115a] (Exodus 17:16). A simple, double, triple and quadruple song will arise in the world, where the letters [יהוה (YHWH)] will ascend: י יה יהו יהוה (Y YH YHW YHWH) [numerically equivalent to seventy-two, cf. Ibn Ezra on Genesis 4:19]. At that time [the prayer] will be answered: ‘וּבְכֵן (U-vekhen), and therefore, the righteous shall see and be glad, the upright exult and the pious rejoice in song’ (Amidah for the Days of Awe). This additional ו״ (six) [of ‘וּבְכֵן (U-vekhen)’ alludes to]—the Sixth Millennium. The Second Temple was destroyed קע״ב (one hundred and seventy-two) years before [the Sixth Millennium]. And following the completion of רע״ב (two hundred and seventy-two), as in the verse, At עֶרֶב (erev), evening, you shall know that it was YHWH who brought you out [of the land of Egypt] (Exodus 16.6). Also, For your servant became עָרַב (arev), pledge, for the lad (Genesis 44:32) [you should know that all these dates mentioned in the Zohar refer to an arousal from above, which occur at these times for redemption, however, certainly it depends on the people’s actions and repentance (Sullam)]” (Zohar 3:218a, Ra’aya Meheimna Pineḥas).
“The Faithful Shepherd said: Certainly, since the limbs and the arteries of the לֵב (lev), heart, which are likened to Israel, are in trouble, they have to awaken in the trachea pipe, the windpipe connected to the lung, mystery of the shofar. Since the lobes of the lung are unable to quiet the anger of the gall, which overcomes the arteries of the heart and all the arteries in the limbs of the body, that breath that blows in them, rises in the trachea, the shofar, namely the World that is Coming. And so it has been taught: The esophagus is like this world, [which has] eating and drinking in it. The trachea is likened to the World that is Coming, for [in it] there is no eating nor drinking [see BT Berakhot 17a]” (Zohar 3:231b, Ra’aya Meheimna Pineḥas).