By what Way does the Light Fan Out?
By what way does the light fan out? (Job 38:24).
“House of Shammai are of the opinion that there is only one נְהוֹרָא (nehora), light, in a nehora, light, while House of Hillel are of the opinion that there are several. It has been taught to the same effect: House of Hillel said to House of Shammai: There are several מְאוֹרוֹת (me’orot), lights, in אוֹר (or), light” (BT Berakhot 52b).
“The universe diffracts into forty-five hues of colored light. Seven disperse into seven abysses, each one striking its own abyss, stones gyrating. The light penetrates those stones, piercing them, and water issues from them, each one sinking within an abyss, covering both sides. Water flows through those holes, light penetrates, striking all four sides of the abyss. Each light whirls around its partner, converging as one, splitting the water” (Zohar 1:51a–52a).
“In this quadrisected expanse, all colors are included, four colors seen within, engraved quadruply, higher and lower secrecies inscribed in four engravings. When the colors of these four scatter, they total twelve: green, red, white, and a color blended of all colors as is written: Like the appearance of the bow in the cloud on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the surrounding radiance—the appearance of the semblance of the glory of YHWH (Ezekiel 1:28)—appearance of the colors of all. So, I have set My bow in the cloud (Genesis 9:13)” (Zohar 1:71b).
“Come and see: There are four lights. Three of them are concealed, and one revealed. A shining light [Ḥesed]. A light of radiance [Gevurah], shining like the heavens in purity [Tif’eret]. A light of purple, absorbing all lights [Yesod]. A light that does not shine [Shekhinah] but gazes toward these, receiving them, and they appear in it as in a crystal facing the sun. These three that we have mentioned are concealed, and stand above this one, which is revealed… This is the mystery: Close your eye and turn your eyeball, and those shining, glowing colors are revealed. Permission to see is granted only with eyes shut and concealed, for they are supernally concealed, standing above those colors that are seen and do not glow” (Zohar 2:23b).
“This blue on the second day was tinged with other colors: red and black… This black is so dark that its color cannot be seen from within the darkness. The Holy Lamp [Rabbi Shim’on son of Yoḥai] said as follows: ‘This dark black color, where was it imbued? Well, when that red was smelted within blue and colors intermingled, a smelting of filth melted into the depths, out of which formed mire and mud, as is said: Its waters cast up mire and mud (Isaiah 57:20). From that clay of the depths emerged the darkness that is black—and not black but utterly dark, as is written: and darkness over the face of the deep (Genesis 1:2). Why is it called darkness? Because its color is dark and it darkens the faces of creatures” (Zohar 2:149b).
“These colors, intermingle, merging with one another—each one lending some of its color to its fellow—except for white, in which all are absorbed when necessary, and which covers all [cf. Proverbs 10:12]. As for all colors below, inhabitants of the world cannot turn them—black, red, or green—into white. Yet here [on the rung of Ze’eir Anpin], with one gaze [toward Attiqa Qadisha], all of them are transformed, bathed in white” (Zohar 3:293b, Idra Zuta).