שיעור קומה (Shi’ur Qomah), Measure of the Stature (MS 10675)
With the help of the Rock, and His redemption, with the aid of Heaven; with the help of God we will open and we will close. My help is from YHWH, maker of heaven and earth (Psalms 121:2).
I will begin to write שִׁיעוּר קוֹמָה (shi’ur qomah), the measure of the stature. “All Israel has a portion of the world to come, as is said, Your people, all of them righteous, shall forever possess the land, the shoot I have planted, My handiwork in which to glory (Isaiah 60:21)” (M Sanhedrin 10:1).
Rabbi Yishma’el said, ‘I saw the King of kings of kings, the blessed Holy One seated on a high and lofty throne [and the skirts of His robe filled the Temple] (Isaiah 6:1) with His soldiers standing before Him, at His right and at His left (1 Kings 22:19). The Prince of the Countenance מִיטַּטְרוֹן (Mitatron), רוּחַ פִּסְקוֹנִית (Ruaḥ Pisqonit), פסקון (PiSQON), איטמון (‘ITMON) [see BT Sanhedrin 44b], הגאון (ha-GA’ON), אגרון (‘GRON), סגרון (SiGRON), דניגרון (DaNIGRON), מיתון (MITON), מיכון (MIKON), הסתס (HaSTaS), הסקס (HaSQaS), סרתם (SaRTaM), הסכם (HaSKaM), חיקרון (ḤIQRON), זיוא (ZIVA), רבא (RaBA), באנטסזנטף (BANTaSZaNTaF) spoke to me.
Rabbi Yishma’el said, ‘What is shi’ur qomah, the measure of the stature, of the blessed Holy One concealed from all creatures?’ The parasangs of His feet fill the entire world, as is said: The heavens are My throne and the earth is My footstool. [What house would you build for Me and what place for My resting…?] (Isaiah 66:1). The height of His soles is 30 million parasangs. His right sole is called פרסמיה אטרקט שמה (PaRSaMIaH ATRaQaT ShaMaH) and the left אגומץ (AGOMaTs). From His [right] sole to the ankle is 150 million parasangs. Similarly the left. The right ankle is called צגמיה (TsaGMiyah) and the left אסתמץ (ASTaMaTs). From His [right] ankle to the knees is 190,005,200 parasangs. Similarly the left. The right calf is called קנגגו מהדיה טססקם (QaNGaGO MaHaDIaH TaSaSQaM) and the left מנגהווזיא זזיא (MaNGaHOVVaZIYA… ZaZiYA). From His [right] knee to the thigh is 120,001,200 parasangs. And similarly the left. The right knee is called סתמגץ יהמיי (SaTMaGaTs YeHaMiYI) and that of the left is called מגהנוריא (MaGHaNuRiYA). The right thigh is called ששתסתפרניסי (ShaShTaSTaPaRNISiYi) and the left is called תפגניחזיזא (TaFGaNiḤaZIZA). From His thighs to the neck is 240 million parasangs. His loins are called ‘Astanah…dadiyah. On His heart are placed seventy names: Tsats, Tsedeq, Tsaḥi’el, Tsur, Tsevi, Tsaddiq, Sa’af, Saḥats, Tseva’ot, Shaddai, Elohim, Zan, Yah, Yah, YHWH, Tsaḥ, Dagul, Edom, Sasas, ‘A’, Va’a’a, ‘Aya’, ‘Aha, Hav, Yah, Ho, Veḥo, Tsatsats, …faf, Nats, Heh, Ḥai, Ḥai, Ḥai, Hahabav, Aravot, Yav, HeH, VaH, Mamam, …Nan, Havav, YaH, Yahah, Ḥafets, Katsets, ‘Ay, Za’, Tsa’a’, Za’, ‘A’a’,… Heh, Kesher, Bozaḥ, Niter, Ya’, Ya’, Yod, Hon, Fa’af, Ra’u, Yayay, …f, Vavav, Vro, Bavav, Bavav, Tatat, Bafaḥ, Palal, Sis, are its letters. Blessed be the name of His glorious kingdom forever and ever. Blessed be the name of His glorious kingdom forever and ever. Blessed be the name of His glorious kingdom forever and ever.
His neck 130,000,800 parasangs. His neck is called סנגיהו יבה תיקץ (SaNGIHU YaVaH TIQaTs). The circumference of His head is 3,000,000,033 and a third parasangs, something the tongue is unable to tell nor the ear hear [cf. Sifre Bemidbar 102; BT Shevu’ot 20b; Rosh ha-Shanah 27a; Sefer Yetsirah §40]. אתר הודריא עטסי (‘ATaR HODaRiYA’ ‘ATaSYa) is its name. His beard is 11,500 parasangs. Its name is הדרק סמיא (HaDRaQ SaMiYA’). The appearance of the cheeks is like the fashioning of the רוּחַ (ruaḥ), breath [or: spirit], and like the fashioning of the נְשָׁמָה (neshamah), soul. No creature can recognize it [or: no creature is able to gaze upon His Crown]. His body is like aquamarine (Daniel 10:6), the splendor of His glory is luminous, נוֹרָא (nora), awesome [alt., נוּרָא (nura), fire] in the darkness, cloud and dense fog (Psalms 97:2). Surrounding it are the princes of the Countenance and the seraphim pour themselves out before Him as water pouring from a pitcher. We have nothing in our hands but the names that have been revealed to us. The nose is called לגבגצייא (LaGBaGTsiYYA’), but גגטפייא (GaGTaFIYA’) is [also] its name. His tongue extends from one end of the world to the other [cf. Teli], as is said: [Great is our Master, abounding in power, His wisdom is beyond number (Psalms 147:5).] He tells His word to Jacob, His statutes and laws to Israel (ibid., 19). אססגיחוואיא (‘ASaSGiḤU’YA’) is its name. The width of His forehead is [130,000,800 parasangs]. מססגיהו נאייא (MaSaSGIHU NA’YaYA’) is its name. On His forehead are written seventy-two letters:
ייהו היה יוה ויה הא הא הי הי יה הא הה ווה ייהו וה ויהו הה יה י הא יה יהו הו הו ייהיו היה ויה יהו הא הא היה ויה
The black of His right eye 11,500 parasangs, and similarly, the left. The right is called ורק אט טיסום (‘URiQ ‘AT TISUM) and the name of its prince is רחביאל (ReḤaVI’EL) [alt., רחמיאל (RaḤMI’EL)]. The left is called מטטגריעמציא (MeTaTGaRI’AMTsIA). The flashes of their lights [extend] to all creatures. The white of His right eye is 20,000, and similarly the left. The right is called פדרפססיא (PaDRaPaSSiYA) and the left… וקצתיא (U-QTsaTIA’).
From His right shoulder to the left is 160,000,000 parasangs. The right shoulder is called מטטגהיה אנגץ (MeTaTGHI’Ha’ ANGaTs) and the left תתמהנגיא (TaTMaHNaGIA’). It [also] has another name: שלמהינגיא (ShaLMaHINGIA’). From His right arm to the left is 120,000,000. The arms are folded. The right arm is called גברהזזיא עכסי (GeVaRHaZaZIA ’AKhSI) [alt., בגדהוזיא טכסי (BeGaDHUZIA TaKhSI), i.e., ‘order of the alef-bet‘] and the left מטטגהגציקו (MeTaTGaHaGTsIQU). The fingers of [His right] hand are 100,000,000 parasangs each. Similarly the left. [Those] of the right [are called] תתמה (TaTMaH), תץמץ (TaTsMaTs), גגמוה (GaGMUH), גגשמש (GaGShaMaSh), גגשש (GaGShaS) and [those] of the left [are called] תץמץ (TaTsMaTs), תתמה (TaTMaH), אגגמץ (AGaGMaTs), אגגמת (UGMaTs), and שושנס (ShOShNaS). And thus you may count from the big one onwards [i.e., the names mentioned are to be attributed to the fingers in this order beginning with the thumb].
The palm of [His right] hand is 40,000,000 parasangs and similarly the left. The name of the right is זזיא אטגרי (ZaZIA ATGaRiYi) and the left is called שקזזיא (SheQiZaZiYa’). His toes [on the right] are 10,000,000 parasangs. 2,000,000 parasangs for each toe. And similarly the left. [The names of those] on the right is אדמץ (ADoMaTs), אסומת (ASUMaT), דרמנת (DaRMaNaT), כבטא (KaVTA)…, …רמון (…RaMON), and [those] of the left are ישנין (YeShNaYaN), בזנין (BaZNaYan), הצמת (HaTsMaT), אהוז (AHUZ), תהמום (TaHaMUM). From the hands you count onwards. Therefore He is called the great, mighty, and awesome God (Deuteronomy 10:17), as is said: [And you shall know] that YHWH your God, He is God, the steadfast god keeping the covenant and the faith for those who love Him and keeping His commands to the thousandth generation (ibid. 7:9).
‘But then [Mitatron] told me how to calculate the parasangs. What is their measure? Each parasang is three miles, each mile is 10,000 cubits, each cubit is two spans—measured according to God’s span, which spans the entire world,’ as is said: Who with his hand’s hollow has measured the waters, the heavens has gauged with a span, [and meted earth’s dust with a measure, weighed with a scale the mountains and the hills with a balance?] (Isaiah 40:12).
Rabbi Natan, Rabbi Yishma’el’s discple, says, ‘Even [regarding] the nose he gave me an exact measurement; similarly the lip, and the cheeks. The appearance of the face and the cheeks was like the measure and the fashioning of a soul. No creature can recognize it. Even though he gave me the measurement of the forehead, the width of the forehead is like the height of the neck. Similarly, the shoulder is like the length of the nose, the nose is like the length of the little finger [cf. BT Bekhorot 44a: “One whose nose is excessively large (is unfit for priesthood). A Tanna taught: As (the width of) a small finger”]. The height of the cheeks is [like] half the circumference of the head. Similarly the measure of any person. His lip is like 77,0000. The name of upper lip is גברהטיא (GaVeRHaTIA) [perhaps: גָּבֶר הֲטָיָה (gaver hatayah), bold curve], that of the lower is הזרהגיא (HaZeRHaGIA) [perhaps: חֲזָרָה גָּיְא (ḥazarah gaye), returning valley; alt., הַשָׁרָה גָּיְא (hasharah gaye), a steep valley]. His mouth is a consuming fire, whatever [it] speaks…. סדרסא (SaDRaSa) is its name. What [He] desires, the breath in His mouth speaks. The crown on His head is 500,000 by 500,000; Israel is its name. On the precious stone that is between its horns are engraved ‘Israel, My people, is mine. Israel, My people, is mine.’ My lover is shining white and ruddy… his head is purest gold, his locks are curls… his eyes are like doves by streams of water… his cheeks are like beds of spices… (Song of Songs 5:10–13).’
20,000,000 parasangs. Anyone who does not finish with this verse is deviating [from the correct path]. Sprouting aromatic scents. His lips are lilies, dripping liquid myrrh. His arms are coils of gold inset with ruby. His loins are fine-wrought ivory…. His mouth is sweetest drink, all of him, delight. This is my lover and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem (ibid., 14–16). אנטיה טחון יחון טוב טהור יוד יוד יוד יה יה יה חסין יה (‘ANTiYYAH TaḤUN YaḤUN TOV TiHUR Yod Yod Yod Yah Yah Yah ḤaSIN Yah) in place of Yah Yah. Holy, holy, holy, is YHWH of Armies. The fullness of all the earth is His glory (Isaiah 6:3). His eyebrows are like the measure of the height of the eye. The right eye is called הדרזולד (HaDRaZOLaD) and the left אפדה צציהו (AFDaH TsaTsiYHU). His sideburns are like the height of the forehead. That of the right is called אצטהייא (ATsTaHiYYA) and the left מטטהוצציא (MeTaTHOTsTsIA). Thus the total measure is 100,000,000,000 parasangs high and 10,000,000,000 parasangs wide.
Rabbi Yishma’el said: When I said this thing before Rabbi Akiva, he said to me: Whoever knows shi’ur qomah, the measure of the stature, of the יוֹצֵר בְּרֵאשִׁית (yotser bereshit), Fashioner of Beginning [cf. 3 Enoch 11:1; JT Berakhot 10b], and the praise of the blessed Holy One is protected from all creatures, secure in being a son of the world to come, and they will lengthen his days. Rabbi Yishma’el said: Akiva and I are guarantors in this matter, but only if one recites this mishnah each day.
Blessed is God forever. Amen and amen.