All Blessings Above and Below Depend upon the Seventh Day

by tillerofthesoil

Mughal Jaisalmer India“It was taught: They related concerning Shammai, the Elder [that] all his life he ate in honor of the Sabbath. [Thus] if he found a well-favored animal he said, ‘Let this be for the Sabbath.’ [If afterwards] he found one better favoured he put aside the second [for the Sabbath] and ate the first. But Hillel the Elder had a different trait, for all his works were for the sake of heaven, for it is said: Blessed be the Master day after day (Psalms 68:20). It was likewise taught: House of Shammai says: מחד שביך לשבתיך (meḥad shabakh le’shabatikh), From the first day of the week [prepare] for your Sabbath [in Aramaic the saying sort of rhymes and is a cue to prompt people to think of the coming Sabbath]; but House of Hillel says: Blessed be the Master day after day (Psalms 68:20)” (BT Beitsah 16a).

“And on the seventh day, He ceased and breathed (Exodus 31:17). What is יִּנָּפַשׁ (yinafash), breathed? To teach you that the Sabbath sustains all הַנֶפֶשׁוֹת (ha-nefeshot), the souls [of Israel]. It is therefore written וַיִּנָּפַשׁ (vayinafash)and breathed [cf. Exodus 23:12; Psalms 19:8]” (Bahir §57).

“What is this שְׁבִיתָה (shevitah), rest? It is the absence of work. It is a cessation which is called שַׁבָּת (shabbat), Sabbath. What is this like? A king had seven gardens, and the middle one contained a fountain, welling up from a living source. Three are at its right, and three are at its left. When it performed its function and overflowed, they all rejoiced, saying, ‘It overflowed for our sake.’ It waters them and makes them grow, while they wait and rest.

Do we then say that it waters the seven? But it is written, From the east I bring your seed (Isaiah 43:5). This indicates that one of them waters it. We must therefore say that it waters the Heart, and the Heart then waters them all” (Bahir §159).

You are a fountain in the garden, a well of living waters that stream from Lebanon (Song of Songs 4:15).

“Rabbi Yehudah said, ‘Every single day the world is blessed by that supernal day, for all six days are blessed by the seventh day. And every single day conveys the blessing it has received through the day inherent in it. Therefore Moses said, Let no one leave any of it over until morning (Exodus 16:19). Why? Because one day does not give or add to its fellow. Rather, every single one reigns alone in its own time, no day ruling on its fellow’s day’” (Zohar 2:63b).

“All blessings above and below depend upon the seventh day. And it has been taught: Why did manna not appear on the seventh day? Because from that day all six supernal days are blessed, and every single one conveys nourishment, each on its day, from the blessing bestowed upon it on the seventh day.

Therefore, whoever attains the rung of faith should arrange his table on the eve of Sabbath, so that his table may be blessed through out those six days [which is why House of Hillel say: Blessed be the Master day after day]. For at that time blessing is prepared for all six days of the week, and no blessing appears on an empty table. Consequently, one should arrange his table on Sabbath eve with bread and food.

Rabbi Yitsḥaq said, ‘Even on the Sabbath day too!’” (Zohar 2:88a-b).

“בְּרֵאשִׁית (Bereshit), In the beginning (Genesis 1:1)—יְרֵא שַׁבָּת (yere shabbat), fear of Sabbath, which is the Shekhinah, of this it says, Those who profane it are doomed to die [for whosoever does a task on it, that person shall be cut off from the midst of his people] (Exodus 31:14)” (Tiqqunei ha-Zohar 24b).

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