Second in Command
“From forty–nine facets [of pure] and forty–nine facets [of impure] shine the Masters of מִשְׁנָה (mishnah), Rehearsing, which is second to Halakhah, Her slavegirl [cf. Midrash Tehillim 12:4]. For Mordecai the Jew was מִשְׁנֶה (mishneh), second, to King Ahasuerus (Esther 10:3), like this Mishnah is second to the King. From him shine the Masters of Mishnah: like the splendour of the sky (Daniel 12:3)—Halakhah, and She is a tradition to Moses from Sinai. She has very many young women, and they are the laws which have been decided. As it says, עֲלָמוֹת (alamot), young women, beyond number (Song of Songs 6:8). And She [Halakhah] is above all of them, this is what is written, [Many daughters have done worthy things,] but you—you surpass all of them (Proverbs 31:29). And She is with everyone, as we have said, ‘Halakhah as the many’ [see BT Bava Metsi’a 59b: ‘After the majority must one incline,’ cf. Exodus 23:2; BT Ḥulin 11a; Sanhedrin 2a; Qiddushin 40b; Zohar 1:53a].
And those who guide the many to be righteous (Daniel 12:3)—they are like the stars, forever and ever (ibid.). Certainly like stars beyond number, each and every star is called its own world and this is young women beyond number. These young women do not call them עֲלָמוֹת (alamot), young women, but rather עוֹלָמוֹת (olamot), worlds. The righteous are the stars and each one has a star, as the ancients said, ‘Each and every righteous person has their own world’ [see BT Sanhedrin 100a: ‘The blessed Holy One will give to every righteous person three hundred and ten worlds’], and anyone who merits one Halakhah merits one world, certainly one who merits one tractate [of Mishnah] or two, or sixty as it says, Sixty are there queens and eighty concubines (Song of Songs 6:8).
Each tractate is a matronita unto herself, praiseworthy is he who merits her in this world, because the הֲלָכָה (halakhah), way of conduct, is the escort of the Matronita, which is קַבָּלָה (qabbalah), Kabbalah. Praiseworthy is he who is occupied with the Shekhinah, because She is greater than all of Halakhah. To take Her out of exile as it says, And for your transgressions is your mother put away (Isaiah 50:1)—to escort Her to Her husband, so She will be מְקוּבָּל (mequbbal), received, in His arms, to fulfill His left hand beneath my head, his right hand embracing me (Song of Songs 2:6).
In exile the Mishnah, which is the angel מְטַּטְרוֹן (Metatron), rules [cf. Zohar 1:223b]. He is second to the King. As viceroy he sits on the side of the מַטְרוֹנִיתָא (Matronita) [Shekhinah], and this is, A slavegirl who dispossesses her mistress (Proverbs 30:23). In the days of Moses never did the slavegirl rule, only the גְּבִרְתָּהּ (gevirtah), Mistress [cf. BT Menaḥot 59b; Zohar 1:232a]. Since Moses died and Joshua inherited, who is the נָעַר (na’ar), Youth [Metatron], the slave rules in the place of kingship [Malkhut], as is said, For I am the commander of YHWH’s army. Now have I come (Joshua 5:14) [cf. Genesis 23:21; BT Yevamot 16b; Arakhin 32b; Sanhedrin 107a]” (Tiqqunei ha-Zohar 14a–b, cf. Zohar 2:65b).
Woe to you, land, whose king is נָעַר (na’ar), a lackey [or: youth] (Ecclesiastes 10:16).
“Masters of Mishnah, awaken your souls and spirits, each of you! Remove שֵׁנָה (shenah), sleep, from yourself, for certainly this is מִשְׁנָה (mishnah), Mishnah, the simple way of this world. I only rouse you with supernal mysteries of the World that is Coming, for you are engaged in them, as is written: Look, he does not slumber nor does he sleep, Israel’s guard (Psalms 121:4) [תִקּוּן חֲצוֹת (tiqqun ḥatsot), midnight vigil: Kabbalists are expected to rise at midnight and adorn Shekhinah with words of Torah in preparation for Her union with Tif’eret. Cf. Zohar 1:92b; 3:119a; BT Berakhot 3b; Ḥagigah 12b; Tamid 32b; JT Berakhot 1:1, 2d]” (Zohar 3:244b, Ra’aya Meheimna Pineḥas).