The Nut Garden

לקוטים מזוהר (Gleanings of Zohar)

Tag: פַּרְפְּרָאוֹת

She has no Light of Her Own: Calculation of All is by the Moon

Moon_phases

“אֱלֹהִים יְהִי מְאֹרֹת בִּרְקִיעַ (Elohim yehi me’orot bi-reqi’a)God said let there be luminaries in the firmament (Genesis 1:14)—עִתִּים (ittim), times” (Ba’al ha-Turim).

And God made the two great lights, the great light for dominion of day and the small light for dominion of night (Genesis 1:17–18).

Like the moon firm-founded forever—and the witness in the skies is faithful (Psalms 89:38).

He made the moon for the fixed seasons (Psalms 104:19).

“Rabbi Levi said in the name of Rabbi Yose son of Ila’i, ‘It is natural that the great should calculate by the great, and the small by the small. Esau calculates by the sun, which is large, and Jacob by the moon, which is small.’ Rabbi Naḥman said, ‘That is a happy presage. Esau calculates by the sun, which is large: just as the sun rules by day but not by night, so does Esau have a share in this world, but has no share in the world to come. Jacob calculates by the moon, which is small: just as the moon rules by day and by night, so Jacob has a share in this world and in the world to come!’” (Bereshit Rabbah 6:3).

“Calculation of all is by the moon” (Zohar 1:46b).

“Rabbi Yose said, ‘It is written: one by one to find חֶשְׁבּוֹן (ḥeshbon), a reckoning (Ecclesiastes 7:27). The reckoning of גִימַטְרִייאוֹת (gimatriyyot), numerologies, abiding in the Moon—on which rung of Hers are they found? [Rabbi Abba] did not reply. Then he said, ‘I have heard, but don’t remember the matter.’

That shade [the spirit of Rabbi Pinḥas son of Ya’ir] rose and slapped Rabbi Abba’s eyes. He fell on his face out of fear. While he was on his face, a verse fell into his mouth: Your eyes, pools בְּחֶשְׁבּוֹן (be-ḥeshbon), in Heshbon, by the gate of the daughter of nobles (Song of Songs 7:5). These eyes of Hers are פַּרְפְּרָאוֹת (parpera’ot), savories, within supernal Wisdom [see M Avot 3:18], drawn from above; and by חֶשְׁבּוֹן (ḥeshbon), reckoning, solstices, equinoxes, and intercalations, they are filled, becoming pools, waters flowing in all directions—those eyes! Until they amount to every reckoning of the moon outside, and stars and constellations, making a reckoning. This is by the gate of Bath Rabbim—the moon outside” (Zohar 3:220b).

“Releasing those pools of water, carefully releasing all by accounting” (Zohar 3:223a).

“Blessing is not found in anything weighed, measured, or counted” (BT Ta’anit 8b).

Who Does Not Taste a Dish?

“Rabbi [Yehudah ha-Nasi] said: A person can learn only from a place which his heart desires, as is said, But YHWH’s teaching is his desire (Psalms 1:2).

Levi and Rabbi Shim’on son of Rabbi were once sitting before Rabbi and were expounding a part of Scripture. When the book was concluded, Levi said: Let them bring us Proverbs. Rabbi Shim’on son of Rabbi said: Let them bring us Psalms; [he] pushed Levi and Psalms were brought. When they came to But YHWH’s teaching is his desire, Rabbi said: A person can only learn from a place which his heart desires. Levi said: Rabbi, you have given permission to rise [and leave, since my heart desires Proverbs and not Psalms]” (BT Avodah Zarah 19a, cf. ZḤ 107a [Tiq]).

Taste and see that YHWH is good (Psalms 34:8).

“Rabbi Yitsḥaq said, ‘Well, there are many verses in Torah that seem as if they need not have been written, yet we see that all of them are sublime mysteries.’ Rabbi Yehudah said, ‘As for this verse, whoever sees it and does not contemplate it is like someone who does not taste a dish” (Zohar 2:217b).

“This may be compared to a man who dwelled among the cliffs and knew nothing of those dwelling in the town. He sowed wheat, and ate the wheat in its natural condition [i.e., פְּשָׁט (peshat), plain]. One day he went into town and was offered fine bread [i.e., דְּרַשׁ (derash), enquiry]. The man asked: What’s this for? They replied: It’s bread, to eat! He asked: And what’s it made of? They replied: Of wheat. Afterwards they brought him cakes kneaded with oil [i.e., רֶמֶז (remez), hint]. He tasted them, and asked: And what are these made of? They replied: Of wheat. Later they brought him royal pastry kneaded with honey and oil [i.e., סוֹד (sod), secret]. He asked: And what are these made of? They replied: Of wheat. He said: Surely I am master of all these, since I eat the essence of all of these! And because of that view, he knew nothing of the delights of the world, which were lost to him. So it is with one who grasps the principle but is unaware of all those delectable delights deriving, diverging from that principle [פַּרדֵס (Pardes), Orchard, is the acronym for four levels of interpreting Torah; cf. BT Shabbat 63a: ‘(Rav Kahana said:) A verse cannot depart from its plain meaning’]” (Zohar 2:176a–b, cf. BT Berakhot 64a).

“Rabbi Yoḥanan said: There is a difference of opinion between Rabbi Shim’on son of Gamaliel and the Rabbis. One said that a well-read scholar is superior and the other said that the keen dialectician is superior. Rabbi Yosef was a well-read scholar [lit., סִינָי (Sinai), a Sinai]; Rabbah was a keen dialectician [lit., עוֹקֵר הָרִים (oqer harim), uprooter of mountains]. An enquiry was sent up to the land of Israel: Who of these should take precedence? They sent them word in reply: ‘A well-read scholar is to take precedence;’ for the Master said, ‘All are dependent on the owner of the wheat’” (BT Horayot 14a, cf. BT Berakhot 64a).

“What is meant by [Her profit and fee shall be consecrated to YHWH. They shall not be treasured or stored; rather shall her profit go to those who abide before YHWH, that they may eat their fill and] לִמְכַסֶּה עָתִיק (limkhasseh athiq), cover themselves elegantly? (Isaiah 23:18). This refers to one who מְכַסֶּה (mekhasseh), conceals, things that עָתִּיק (attiq), the Ancient of, Days concealed. What are those? Secrets of Torah. And some say: This refers to one who reveals things that עָתִּיק (attiq), the Ancient of, Days concealed. What are those? Flavors of Torah” (BT Pesaḥim 119a).