The Nut Garden

לקוטים מזוהר (Gleanings of Zohar)

Tag: day

And She Removes Her Ḥallah from the Middle

Sesame Challah_1

 “Rabbi Yoḥanan son of Ḥanina said: The day consisted of twelve hours. In the first hour, his dust was gathered; in the second, it was kneaded into a shapeless mass. In the third, his limbs were shaped; in the fourth, a soul was infused into him; in the fifth, he arose and stood on his feet; in the sixth, he gave [the animals] their names; in the seventh, Eve became his mate; in the eighth, they ascended to bed as two and descended as four; in the ninth, he was commanded not to eat of the tree, in the tenth, he sinned; in the eleventh, he was tried, and in the twelfth he was expelled and departed, as is written, A man will not rest in splendor (Psalms 49:13)” (BT Sanhedrin 38a, cf. M Avot 1:1).

[On the day YHWH God made earth and heavens, no shrub of the field being yet on the earth and no plant of the field yet sprouted, for YHWH God had not caused rain to fall on the earth and there was no human to till the soil, and wetness would well from the earth to water all the surface of the soil,] then YHWH God fashioned the human, [humus from the soil…] (Genesis 2:7).

A king makes a land stand firm through justice. But a man of donations destroys it (Proverbs 29:4). A king—the King of kings of kings, the blessed Holy One; A king makes a land stand firm through justice—He created the world on the basis of justice, as is written, In the beginning Elohim created (Genesis 1:1).

But a man of תְּרוּמוֹת (terumot), donationsdestroys it (Proverbs 29:4)—first Adam, who was the completion of the world, its ḥallah. Now ḥallah is called תְּרוּמָה (terumah), a donation [or: an elevation offering], as is written, The first yield of your kneading troughs, חַלָּה (ḥallah), a round loaf, you shall present in donation (Numbers 15:20). Rabbi Yose son of Qisratah said: Like a woman who mixes her dough with water and removes her ḥallah from the middle [before the dough is kneaded]. So too, at first, wetness would well from the earth to water all the surface of the soil, then YHWH God fashioned the human, humus from the soil (Genesis 2:6)” (Bereshit Rabbah 14:1, cf. JT Shabbat 2:6, 5a).

בְּרֵאשִׁית (Bereshit), In the beginning, this is ḥallah as is written, רֵאשִׁית (reshit), the first, yield of your kneading troughs, חַלָּה (ḥallah), a round loaf, you shall present in donation (Numbers 15:20), as we have said, ‘Adam was חַלָּה (ḥallah) of the world…’ What is ḥallah? It is these seven species: wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olive oil of the land, and honey, which is honey of dates. חִטָּה (Ḥittah), wheat, is the tree from which the first man ate, and since he did not separate ḥallah, [holiness] did not descend upon ה (he), but dwelled upon ח (ḥet) and ט (tet) [which spell, חִטָּה (ḥittah), wheat, and allude to חֵטְא (ḥet), sin], causing death [cf. BT Berakhot 40a].

And the ḥallah is the Shekhinah, it includes these seven species [which hint at the lower seven sefirot]. In this was the sin of the first man—the drop, which is the י (yod). Dough must have ḥallah taken from it. Immediately they fell upon that drop, and he gave seed that was included with both which is the ו (vav) and the mystery of the matter, הֵא (he), here, is seed for you, [and sow the land] (Genesis 47:23).

Because of this, ḥallah is certainly a decree for the wife, because of her Adam who was the ḥallah of the world died. She must separate ḥallah, to take it from her dough, which is her drop, to return it to man” (Tiqqunei ha-Zohar 31a).

Who Renews in His Goodness Every Day Continually the Act of Creation

“Rabban Gamaliel says: Just as the first days of months are renewed and made holy in this world, so will Israel be renewed and made holy in the world to come, as is said, Speak to all the community of Israelites, and you shall say to them: ‘You shall be holy, for I YHWH your God am holy’ (Leviticus 19:2). And the Sages say: The heavens and the earth are destined to pass away and to be renewed. What is written of them? [All the heavens’ array shall molder,] and like a scroll the heavens roll up, [and all their array shall wither as the leaf withers on the vine and the withered fruit on the fig tree] (Isaiah 34:4)—like a man [who] reads in Torah and he rolls it up, and he returns and he opens [it] and he rolls it up, thus the blessed Holy One is destined to roll up the heavens, as is said, and like a scroll the heavens roll up; and the earth worn out like a garment (ibid. 51:6)—like a man who spreads out his [prayer] shawl and folds it up, and he returns and he puts it on, and renews it in its place, as is said, and the earth worn out like a garment.

And all dwellers of the earth will taste the taste of death [for] two days—not a breath of man or beast upon the earth, as is said, and its dwellers like gnats die out (ibid.). And on the third day He renews all, reviving the dead, and raising [the house of Israel] before Him, as is said, He will revive us after two days, on the third day raise us up, that we may live in His presence (Hosea 6:2). 

Rabbi Eli’ezer says: All the array of the heavens are destined to pass away and to be renewed. What is written of this? And all their array [shall wither] as the leaf withers on the vine (Isaiah 34:4)—how a vine or fig tree withers and [remains] standing like a parched fire, yet returns, blossoming, glistening, and bringing forth fresh new leaves. Thus all the array of the heavens are destined to wither, return, and be renewed, to make known before Him that there is wearing out, but He is not worn out. And no longer hunger, nor evil, nor scourge, and no longer troubles, as is said, For I am about to create new heavens [and a new earth, and the former things shall not be recalled and shall not come to mind] (ibid. 65:17) [cf. Zohar 1:262b].     

Rabbi Yannai says: All the array of the heavens pass away and are renewed with each day. And what are the array of the heavens? The sun, moon, stars, and constellations. Know for yourself that it is so. Come and see: As when the sun stretches out to the west and bathes his lamp in the midst of the waters—from waters of the ocean the flames of the sun are put out, and he has no radiance. And there is no flame of the sun illuminating all the night in the world until he comes to the east. And when he comes to the east he bathes in a river of fire, like a man who kindles his lamp in the midst of the fire, thus the sun kindles his lamp and dons his flame, and rises to shine upon the earth, renewing with each day the act of Creation [lit., the act of ‘in the beginning’], thus until the evening comes. And at eventide the moon, stars, and constellations, bathe in a river of hail and rise to shine upon the earth. In the time yet to come the blessed Holy One will renew them and add to their light—light of the seven [primordial] days, as is said, And the light of the moon shall be like the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold like the light of the seven days on the day YHWH binds up the breaking of His people and heals its smashing blow. On the day—this day comes on the day of redemption of Israel, as is said, on the day YHWH binds up the breaking of His people” (Pirqei de-Rabbi Eli’ezer 51).

As the new heavens and the new earth that I am making endure before Me…. (Isaiah 66:22). The verse does not read: I have made, but rather I am making, for He makes them continually out of those innovations and mysteries of Torah” (Zohar 1:5a).

“[YHWH founded the earth by wisdom;] He establishes the heavens by understanding (Proverbs 3:19). Why establishes [written in the future-tense and not past-tense like the verb founded]? Because He establishes, every single day ceaselessly. They were not arranged one at a time; rather, every day He arranges them. This corresponds to the mystery that is written: The heavens are not pure in His eyes (Job 15:15). Now, would you imagine that this indicates a defect in the heavens? Rather, their significance, because of the intense love and desire that the blessed Holy One feels toward them and His fondness for them. For even though He arrays them every single day, in His eyes they do not seem fittingly arrayed, because of His love for them and His desire to shine upon them constantly, ceaselessly; for the world that is coming radiates scintillating lights everyday continually, incessantly, illumining them. So, they are not pure in His eyes. It is not written merely they are not pure, but rather, they are not pure in His eyes. Therefore, He establishes the heavens by understanding” (Zohar 1:207a).