The Nut Garden

לקוטים מזוהר (Gleanings of Zohar)

Tag: Third Temple

ספר זרובבל (Sefer Zerubbavel)

The word which came to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah. On the twenty-fourth day of the seventh month, YHWH showed me this מַרְאֶה (mar’eh), spectacle, there while I was prostrate in prayer before YHWH my God, experiencing a visionary spectacle which I saw by the river Kebar. And as I was reciting “Blessed are You YHWH who revives the dead,” my heart groaned within me, thinking “[How will] the fashioning of the Temple come into existence?” He answered me from the doors of the heavens and said to me, “Are you Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah?” I responded, “I am your servant.” He answered me and spoke with me just as a person would speak to their friend. I could hear His voice, but I could not see His appearance. I continued to lie prostrate as before, and I completed my prayer. Then I went to my house.

On the eleventh day of the month Adar He was speaking with me [again] there, and He said to me, “Are you my servant Zerubbabel?” I answered, “I am your servant.” He said to me, “Come to me! Ask [anything] and I will tell you!” I answered and said, “What might I ask? That my appointed lifespan be short and my destiny fulfilled?” He said to me: “I will make you live.” He repeated, “May you live!”

A wind lifted me up between heaven and earth and carried me to the great city Nineveh, city of blood, and I thought “Woe is me, for my attitude has been contentious and [now] my life is at great risk!” So I arose in distress in order to pray and entreat the favor of the name of YHWH God of Israel. I confessed all my transgressions and my offenses, for my attitude had been contentious, and I said: “Ah Lord! I have acted wrongly, I have transgressed, I have offended, for my attitude has been contentious. You are YHWH God, the One who made everything by the command of Your mouth, and with a word from Your lips will revive the dead.” He said to me, “Go to the house of filth near the market,” and I went just as he had commanded me. He said to me, “Turn this way,” and so I turned. He touched me, and then I saw a man, despicable, broken down, and in pain.

That despicable man said to me: “Zerubbabel!? What business do you have here? Who has brought you here?” I answered, saying: “A wind from YHWH lifted me up and carried me to this place.” He said to me: “Do not be afraid, for you have been brought here in order that He might show you.” When I heard his words, I took comfort, and my mind was at rest. I asked him, “My Lord, what is the name of this place?” He said to me, “This is mighty Rome, wherein I am imprisoned” [cf. BT Sanhedrin 98a]. I said to him, “Who then are you? What is your name? What do you seek here? What are you doing in this place?” He said to me, “I am YHWH’s Messiah, son of Hezekiah confined in prison until the time of the End.” When I heard this, I was silent, and I hid my face from him. His anger burned within him, and when I looked at him, I became afraid.

He said to me, “Come nearer to me,” and as he spoke to me my limbs quaked, and he reached out his hand and steadied me. He said, “Don’t be afraid, and let your heart show no fear.” He encouraged me, saying, “Why did you become silent and hide your face from me?” I said to him, “Because you said, ‘I am the servant of YHWH, His Messiah, and the lamp of Israel (2 Samuel 21:17).’” Suddenly he appeared like a strong young man, handsome and adorned.

I asked him, “When will the lamp of Israel come?” And as I was speaking to him, behold, a man with two wings approached me and said to me, “Zerubbabel! What are you asking YHWH’s Messiah?” I answered him and said, “I asked when the appointed time for deliverance is supposed to come.” He said, “Ask me and I will tell you.” I said to him, “My Lord, who are you?” He answered and said, “I am Michael, the one who delivered good news to Sarah. I am the leader of the army of YHWH God of Israel, the one who battled with Sennacherib and slew 180,000 men. I am the prince of Israel, the one who fought battles against the kings of Canaan. In the time to come, I will fight the battles of YHWH alongside YHWH’s Messiah—he who sits before you—with the king עַז פָּנִים (az panim), Bold Face, and with Armilus son of Satan, the spawn of the stone statue. YHWH has appointed me to be the commanding officer over His people and over those who love Him in order to do battle against the leaders of nations.”

Michael, who is Metatron, answered me, saying, “I am the angel who guided Abraham throughout the land of Canaan. I blessed him in the name of YHWH. I am the one who redeemed Isaac and [wept] for him. I am the one who wrestled with Jacob at the crossing of the Jabbok. I am the one who guided Israel in the wilderness for forty years in the name of YHWH. I am the one who appeared to Joshua at Gilgal, and I am the one who rained down brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah [cf. BT Sanhedrin 38b on Genesis 19:24]. He set His name within me—מְטַטְרוֹן (Metatron) is numerically equivalent to שַׁדַּי (Shaddai). As for you, Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, whose name is יְכָנְיָה (yekhanyah), Jeconiah, ask me and I will tell you what will happen at the End of Days” [on Jeconiah, see 1 Chronicles 3:17; Ezra 3:2, 8; 5:2; Nehemiah 12:1; Haggai 1:1. As king of Judah, he was taken captive by the Babylonians in their incursion in 597 B.C.E.].

Then he said to me, “This is YHWH’s Messiah: [he has] been hidden in this place until the appointed time. This is the Messiah Son of David, and his name is Menaḥem son of Amiel. He was born during the reign of David, king of Israel, and a wind took him up and hid him in this place, waiting for the time of the end.” Then I, Zerubbabel, asked a question of Metatron, the leader of the army of YHWH. He said to me: YHWH will give a rod for these acts of rescue to Hephzibah, mother of Menaḥem son of Amiel. A great star will shine before her, and all the stars will wander aimlessly from their paths.

Hephzibah, mother of Menaḥem son of Amiel, will go forth and kill two kings, both of whom are determined to do evil. The name[s] of the two rulers [whom she will kill]: Noph, king of Teman, [so named] because he will shake his hand toward Jerusalem, and the name of the second is ‘Isrinan, king of Antioch. This conflict and these signs will take place during the festival of Shavu’ot in the third month.

The word is true. Four hundred and twenty years after the city and Temple have been rebuilt, they will be destroyed a second time. Twenty years after the building of the city of Rome, after seventy kings corresponding to the seventy nations have ruled in it, when ten kings have finished their reigns, the tenth king will come. He will destroy the Sanctuary, cease the daily offering, the ‘devoted people’ will be dispersed, and he will hand them over to destruction, plunder, and panic. Many of them will perish due to their faithfulness to Torah, but [others] will abandon the Torah of YHWH and worship their [Roman] idols. And when they stumble they shall find little support, [and many shall join them with smooth talk] (Daniel 11:34). From the time that the daily offering ceases and the wicked ones install the one whose name is Abhorrence in the Temple, at the end of nine hundred and ninety [-nine] years, the deliverance of YHWH will take place—[And I heard the man dressed in linen, who was over the water of the river, and he raised his right hand, and his left hand was toward the heavens, and he swore by the One who lives forever that at the appointed time of times and a half and at the end of] the shattering of the power of the holy people, [all these things shall be finished] (ibid. 12:7)—to redeem them and to gather them by means of YHWH’s Messiah.

The rod which YHWH will give to Hephzibah, mother of Menaḥem [son of] Amiel, is made of almond-wood; it is hidden in Raqqat, a city in [the territory of] Naphtali. It is the same rod which YHWH gave to Adam, Moses, Aaron, Joshua, and King David. It is the same rod which sprouted buds and flowered in the Tent [of Meeting] for the sake of Aaron [see Numbers 17:8]. Elijah son of El’azar hid it in Raqqat, a city of Naphtali, which is Tiberias. Hidden there as well is a man whose name is Nehemiah of Hushiel son of Ephraim son of Yosef. Zerubbabel spoke up and said to Metatron (Michael) the prince, “My lord, I want you to tell me when YHWH’s Messiah will come and what will happen after all this!” He said to me, “YHWH’s Messiah—Nehemiah son of Hushiel—will come five years after Hephzibah. He will collect all Israel together as one entity and they will remain for [four] years in Jerusalem, [where] the children of Israel will offer an offering, and it will be pleasing to YHWH. He will inscribe Israel in the book of lineage according to their clans. But in the fifth year of Nehemiah and the gathering together of the holy ones, Seroy the king of Persia will attack Nehemiah son of Hushiel and Israel, and there will be great suffering in Israel. Hephzibah—wife of Nathan the prophet [and] mother of Menaḥem son of Amiel—will go out with the rod which YHWH God of Israel will give to her, and YHWH will place a spirit of dizziness upon them [i.e., the Persian army], and they will kill one another, each [killing] his companion or his countryman. There the wicked one [Seroy] will die.”

When I heard [this], I fell upon my face and said, “Lord! Tell me what Isaiah the prophet [meant] when he said: [For the fortified town is solitary, an abode deserted and abandoned, like the desert.] There the calf grazes and there it lies down and gnaws away its boughs (Isaiah 27:10)?” He answered me, “Calf—Nineveh, the city of blood, mighty Rome.”

I went on asking there about the prince of the holy covenant. He held me close and they brought me to the House of Filth. There he showed me a marble stone in the shape of a young women: her features and form were lovely and indeed very beautiful to behold. Then he said to me, “This statue is the [wife] of בְּלִיַּעַל (beliyya’al), Belial [i.e., Satan; cf. Proverbs 6:12: אָדָם בְּלִיַּעַל (Adam beliyya’al), a worthless fellow, a wrongdoing man, goes about with a crooked mouth]. Satan will come and copulate with her, and a son named Armilus will emerge from her, [Greek for] ‘he will destroy a nation.’ He will rule over all, and his dominion will extend from one end of the earth to the other, and ten letters will be in his hand. He will engage in the worship of foreign gods and speak lies. No one will be able to withstand him, and anyone who does not believe in him he will kill with the sword: many among them he will kill. He will come against the holy people of the Most High, and with him there will be ten kings wielding great might and force, and he will do battle with the holy ones. He will prevail over them and will kill the Messiah Son of Joseph, Nehemiah son of Hushiel, and will also kill sixteen righteous ones alongside him. Then they will banish Israel to the desert in three groups.

But Hephzibah, mother of Menaḥem son of Amiel, will remain stationed at the eastern gate, and that wicked one will not enter there, thereby confirming what is written: [And I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem for battle. And the city shall be captured and the houses looted and the women ravished. And half the city shall go out in exile,] but the rest of the people shall not be cut off from the city (Zechariah 14:2). This battle will take place during [the month of] Av. Israel will experience distress such as there never was before. They will flee into towers, among mountains, and into caves, but they will be unable to hide from him. All the nations of the earth will go astray after him except for Israel, who will not believe in him. All Israel shall mourn Nehemiah son of Hushiel for forty-one days. His thoroughly crushed corpse will be thrown down before the gates of Jerusalem, but no animal, bird, or beast will touch it. Due to the intensity of the oppression and the great distress, the children of Israel will then call out to YHWH, and YHWH will answer them.”

As I listened to the content of the prophecy of YHWH to me, I became very agitated and got up and went to the canal. There I cried out to YHWH God of Israel, the God of all flesh, and He sent His angel to me while the prayer was still in my mouth before I had finished. YHWH sent His angel to me, and when I saw I knew that he was the angel who had spoken with me regarding all the previous matters. I knelt and bowed before him, and he again touched me like he had the first time. He said to me, “What is the matter with you Zerubbabel?” I answered him, “My Lord, my spirit remains sunken.”

Metatron answered, saying, “Ask and I will give you answers before I leave you.” So again I asked him, saying to him, “My Lord Metatron, when will the lamp of Israel come?” He answered and said to me, “By YHWH who has sent me and who has appointed me over Israel, I solemnly swear to reveal to you YHWH’s doing[s], for the Holy God previously commanded me, ‘Go to My servant Zerubbabel, and tell him whatever he may ask you.’” Then Michael, who is Metatron, said to me, “Come closer and give heed to everything which I shall tell you, for the word which I am speaking to you is true, it was one spoken by the Living God.”

He said to me, “Menaḥem son of Amiel will suddenly come on the fourteenth day of the first month Nisan. He will wait by the Valley of Arbael [at a tract] which belonged to Yehoshu’a son of Yehosadaq the priest, and all the surviving sages of Israel—only a few will remain due to the attack and pillage of Gog and Armilus and the looters who plunder them—will come out to him. Menaḥem son of Amiel will say to the elders and the sages: “I am YHWH’s Messiah: YHWH has sent me to encourage you and to deliver you from the power of these adversaries!” The elders will scrutinize him and will despise him, for they will see that despicable man dressed in rags, and they will despise him just as you previously did [cf. BT Sanhedrin 98b]. But then his anger will burn within him, [And He donned triumph as His armor and victory’s helmet on His head.] And He donned clothes of vengeance as a garment, and wrapped round zeal like a robe (Isaiah 59:17), and he will journey to the gates of Jerusalem. Hephzibah, mother of the Messiah, will come and give him the rod by which the signs were performed. All the elders and children of Israel will come and see that Nehemiah [son of Hushiel] is alive and standing unassisted, [and] immediately they will believe in the Messiah.” Thus did Metatron, the leader of the army of YHWH, swear to me, “This matter will truly come to pass, for there will be full cooperation between them in accordance with the prophecy of Isaiah, [And the envy of Ephraim shall vanish, and the foes of Judah be cut off.] Ephraim shall not envy Judah, nor Judah be hostile to Ephraim (ibid. 11:13).”

On the twenty-first day of the first month, nine hundred and ninety [-nine] years after the destruction of the Temple, the deliverance of YHWH will take place for Israel. Menaḥem son of Amiel, Nehemiah son of Hushiel, and Elijah the prophet will come and stand by the [Mediterranean] Sea and read the prophecy of YHWH. All the bodies of those Israelites who had thrown themselves into the sea while fleeing from their enemies will emerge: a wave from the sea will rise up, spread them out, and deposit them alive within the valley of Jehoshaphat near the Wadi Shittim, for there judgment will transpire upon the nations.

In the second month Iyyar, the band of Korah will reemerge upon the plains of Jericho near the Wadi Shittim. They will come to Moses, and the cohort of the Korahites will assemble.

On the eighteenth day the mountains and hills will quake, and the earth and everything on it will shake, as well as the sea and its contents.

On the first day of the third month those who died in the desert will be revived and will come with their clans to the Wadi Shittim. On the eighteenth day of the month of Iyyar [i.e., Lag ba-Omer; alt., “on the eighteenth day of the month of Sivan” (the third month)], there will be a mighty earthquake in the land of Israel [in Meron in the year 4123 (363 C.E.)].

In Tammuz, the fourth month, YHWH God of Israel will descend upon the Mount of Olives, and the Mount of Olives will split open at His rebuke. He will blow a great trumpet, and every foreign deity and mosque will crumble to the ground, and every wall and steep place will collapse. YHWH will put all their plunderers to death, and He will battle those nations [YHWH sallies forth as a warrior,] as a man of war he stirs up fury. [He raises the battle cry, even bellows, over His enemies He prevails] (Isaiah 42:13). YHWH’s Messiah—Menaḥem son of Amiel—will come and breathe in the face of Armilus, killing him. YHWH will place each man’s sword on the neck of his companion and their dead bodies shall fall there. The “devout people” [i.e., Israel; cf. Daniel 8:24: And his power will grow mighty but not through his own power, and he will lay waste wondrously and prosper in what he does and lay waste to mighty ones and to the people of the holy ones] will come out to witness YHWH’s deliverance: all of Israel will actually see Him [equipped] like a warrior with victory’s helmet on His head and clad in armor [see Isaiah 59:17: And He donned triumph as His armor and victory’s helmet on His head. And He donned clothes of vengeance as a garment, and wrapped round zeal like a robe]. He will fight the battle of Gog and Magog and against the army of Armilus, and all of them will fall dead in the Valley of Arbael. All of Israel will then issue forth [And they shall not carry off wood from the field nor cut down trees from the forests, for with weapons they shall light fires. And they shall plunder] their plunderers and loot their looters, [said the Master, YHWH] (Ezekiel 39:10) for seven months. However, some survivors will escape and they will all regroup at Zela-Eleph [cf. Joshua 18:28]: five hundred men, and [another] one hundred thousand wearing armor. [Opposing them will be] five hundred from Israel with Nehemiah and Elijah, and you Zerubbabel will be their leader—they will kill all of them: one man will pursue a thousand!

This will be the third battle, for three battles will take place in the land of Israel. One will be waged by Hephzibah with Seroy the king of Persia, one will be fought by YHWH God of Israel and Menaḥem son of Amiel with Armilus, the ten kings who are with him, and Gog and Magog, and the third will be at Zela-Eleph, where Nehemiah son of Hushiel and Zerubbabel will see action. The third battle will take place in [the month of] Av.

After this all Menaḥem son of Amiel will come, accompanied by Nehemiah son of Hushiel and all Israel. All of the dead will be revived, and Elijah the prophet will be with them. They will come up to Jerusalem. In [the month of] Av, during which they formerly mourned for Nehemiah [and] for the destruction of Jerusalem, Israel will hold a great celebration and bring an offering to YHWH, which YHWH will accept on their behalf. And the grain offering of Israel shall be sweet to YHWH as in days of yore and in former years (Malachi 3:4). YHWH will discern the pleasing aroma of His people Israel and greatly rejoice. Then YHWH will lower the supernal Temple, which had been built previously, to earth and a column of fire and a cloud of smoke will rise to the heavens. The Messiah and all of Israel will follow them to the gates of Jerusalem.

The holy God will stand on the Mount of Olives. Dread and reverence for Him will be upon the heavens and the heavens of heavens, the entire earth and its deepest rungs, and every wall and structure to their foundations. No one will be able to catch their breath when YHWH God reveals Himself before everyone on the Mount of Olives. The Mount of Olives will crack open beneath Him, and the exiles from Jerusalem will come up to the Mount of Olives. Zion and Jerusalem will behold, asking: Who gave birth for me to these, [when I was bereaved and barren, exiled and cast aside, and these, why, who has raised? Why, I was left alone,] these, from where have they come? (Isaiah 49:21). Nehemiah and Zerubbabel will then come up to Jerusalem and say to her, “Behold, [they are] your children whom you bore who went into exile from you. Greatly exult, Zion’s Daughter, [shout for joy, Jerusalem’s Daughter. Look, your king shall come to you, victor and triumphant is he, a lowly man riding on an ass, on a donkey, the foal of a she-ass] (Zechariah 9:9).”

Again I began to ask Metatron, leader of the army of YHWH, “My Lord, show me how far and how wide Jerusalem will extend, along with its architecture.” He showed me the walls which surrounded Jerusalem—walls of fire—extending from the Great Desert to the [Mediterranean] Sea and to the Euphrates River. Then he showed me the Temple and the structure. The Temple was built on the peaks of five mountains which YHWH had chosen to support His sanctuary: Lebanon, Mount Moriah, Tabor, Carmel, and Hermon. Michael spoke and said to me, “At the completion of nine hundred and ninety [-nine] years for the ruins of Jerusalem is the appointed time for the deliverance of Israel” [cf. Jeremiah 30:7: וְעֵת צָרָה הִיא לְיַעֲקֹב (ve-et tsarah hi le-Ya’aqov), and a time of distress it is for Jacob [from which he will be rescued]—this verset is numerically equivalent to 999]. He also continued to interpret for me the message and the vision in accordance with what he had first said to me: If you would ask, do ask, turn back, come (Isaiah 21:12).

In the fifth [year] of the week Nehemiah son of Hushiel will come and gather together all Israel. In the sixth [year] of the week Hephzibah, wife of Nathan the prophet, she who was born in Hebron, will come and slay the two kings Nof and Esrogan. That same year the root of Jesse (Isaiah 11:10), Menaḥem son of Amiel, will spring up. Ten kings from among the nations shall also arise, but they will not supply enough to rule for a week [of years] and a half-week [of years], each one [ruling] for a year. These are the ten kings who will rise up over the nations for the week of years: these are their names corresponding with their cities and their places. The first king is Silqom, the name of his city is Seferad, which is Aspamia, a distant land. The second king is Hartomos, the name of his city is Gitanya. The third king is Fle’vas [Flavius?], the name of his city is Flo’yas. The fourth king is Glu’as [Julius?], the name of his city is Galya [Gaul?]. The fifth king is Ramoshdis, the name of his city is Moditika. The sixth king is Moqlanos, the name of his city is Italia. The seventh king is ‘Oktinos, the name of his city is Dormis. The eighth king is ‘Aplostos from Mesopotamia. The ninth king is Seroy, king of Persia.

The tenth king is Armilus son of Satan who emerged from the sculpted stone. He will gain sovereignty over all of them. He will come along with the rulers of Kedar and the inhabitants of the East and provoke a battle in the Valley of Arbael, and they will take possession of the kingdom. He will ascend with his force and subdue the entire world. From there in Riblah, which is Antioch, he will begin to erect all the idols of nations on the face of the earth and to serve their gods, those whom YHWH hates. During those days the wages of man will be naught and the wages of beast nothing [cf. Zechariah 8:9]. He will construct four altars, and he will anger YHWH with his wicked deeds. There will be a very terrible and harsh famine upon the surface of the whole land for forty days—their food will stem from the salt-plant; plucking saltwort from the bush, the roots of broom wood their bread (Job 30:4). On that day a spring shall issue from the house of YHWH and water the Wadi of Acacias (Joel 4:18).

Now this Armilus will take his mother—[the statue] from whom he was spawned—from the House of Filth of the scornful ones, and from every place and from every nation they will come and worship that stone, burn offerings to her, and pour out libations to her. No one will be able to view her face on account of her beauty. Anyone who refuses to worship her will die in agony [like?] animals.

This is the mark of Armilus: the color of the hair of his head is similar to gold, and [he is] green [or: pale], even the soles of his feet. His face is one hand span in width, his eyes are deep-set, and he has two heads. He will arise and rule over ‘Imis [?], the province of Satan father of Belial. All who see him will tremble before him. Menaḥem will come up from the Wadi Shittim and breathe in the face of Armilus, killing him, as is written, [And he shall strike the land with the rod of his mouth,] with the breath from his lips put the wicked to death. [And justice shall be the belt round his waist, faithfulness the belt round his loins] (Isaiah 11:5). Israel will take possession of the kingdom; the holy ones of the Most High shall receive the kingdom [and take possession of the kingdom forever and forever] (Daniel 7:18).

These were the words which Metatron spoke to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, while he was still living in exile during the time of the Persian empire. Zechariah son of ‘Anan and Elijah recorded them when the period of exile was completed.

Not by Might and Not by Power but by My Spirit

MIDEAST ISRAEL PALESTINIAN

Thus said YHWH of Armies, saying, “This people have said, ‘The time has not come, the time for rebuilding the house of YHWH.’” And the word of YHWH came through Haggai the prophet, saying: “Is this the time for you to sit in your paneled houses when this house is in ruins?” (Haggai 1:2–4).

“Rabbi Yoḥanan: The blessed Holy One said, ‘I will not enter the heavenly Jerusalem until I can enter the earthly Jerusalem.’ Is there then a heavenly Jerusalem? Yes, as is written, Jerusalem built like a town that is joined fast together (Psalms 122:3)” (BT Ta’anit 5a).

Not by might and not by power but by My spirit, said YHWH of Armies (Zechariah 4:6).

The lawless sons of your people shall be raised up to fulfill the vision, but they shall stumble (Daniel 11:14).

Enhance Zion with Your favor, build the walls of Jerusalem (Psalms 51:20). Enhance Zion with Your favor—informing us as follows: Why enhance? It seems that she already has goodness, and now, enhance that goodness. Certainly so! For ever since the day that the blessed Holy One engaged in building the Temple above until now, that goodness of favor has not settled upon that edifice, and so it has not been completed. However, when favor above rouses, with goodness will He tend and kindle the lights of that edifice and that creation, so that even the angels above will be unable to gaze at the Temple or at the structure. Then the whole work will be completed. Build the walls of Jerusalem.

Now, since the day that the blessed Holy One engaged in building the Temple until now, has He not built them? If He has not built the walls of Jerusalem, then certainly not the Temple! However, all actions of the blessed Holy One differ from the actions of human beings. When human beings built the Temple, they first constructed the walls of the city and finally the Temple—walls of the city first to protect them, then building the Temple. Not so with the blessed Holy One; rather, He builds the Temple first, and finally, when He lowers it and sets it in place, then He will build the walls of Jerusalem, the walls of the city. Thus, Enhance Zion with Your favor, first; and then, build the walls of Jerusalem” (Zohar 2:108b).

On that day I will raise up the fallen shelter of David and I will stop up its breaches and its ruins will I raise and rebuild it as in days of yore, so that they take hold of the remnant of Edom and all the nations on which My name has been called, said YHWH, who does this (Amos 9:11).

The Glory of this Latter House Shall be Greater than that of the Former: Like its Building, Great is its Reading in Torah

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I have hearkened to your prayer and to your plea that you pleaded before Me. I have sanctified this house that you built to set My name there forever, and My eyes and My heart shall be there for all time (1 Kings 9:3).

“Rav Shmu’el son of Abba said: The blessed Holy One said to Israel, ‘Even though the House is destined to be destroyed and the sacrifices nullified, do not forget the order of the sacrifices, but rather be careful to learn them and review them. And if you occupy yourselves with them, I will reckon it to you as if you were occupied with the sacrifices.’

Come and see: When the blessed Holy One showed Ezekiel the design of the House, what did He say? You, man, tell the house of Israel about the house, and let them be ashamed of their crimes, and let them measure its design (Ezekiel 43:10). Ezekiel said before the blessed Holy One: Master of the Universe! Until now we are in exile delivered into in the land of our enemies, yet You say to me go and tell Israel the design of the House, [and if they are ashamed of all that they have done, inform them of the plan of the house and its design…] and write them before there eyes that they may observe all its design and its regulations [and do them] (ibid., 11). And are they able to do [them]?! Leave them until they go up from exile, and afterwards I will go and tell them. The blessed Holy One said to Ezekiel: And because My children are in exile, will the building of My House be nullified? The blessed Holy One said to him: Like its building, great is its reading in Torah. Go and say it to them and they will occupy themselves with reading the design of the House in Torah. And in reward for its reading, that they occupy themselves in its reading, I reckon it to them as if they were occupied with the building of the House.

And happy is the man who engages in Torah and gives his money to teach Torah to his son. As on account of the money that he gives for teaching, he merits life in the world to come, as is said, For He is your life and your length of days (Deuteronomy 30:20). Your life—in the world to come; and your length of days—in the world that is long. And know that it is so. Rabbi Asya said: Why do the schoolchildren of Rabban’s house study the book of Leviticus? Since all the sacrifices are written in it, and because they are pure until now and do not know the taste of offense and crime. Therefore, the blessed Holy One said: Let them first begin with the order of the sacrifices—let pure ones come and occupy themselves with acts of purification. Therefore, I reckon it to them as if they were standing and offering sacrifices before Me. And He is informing you that even though the Temple is destroyed and sacrifices are not practiced, were it not for schoolchildren that read the order of sacrifices, the world would not stand. Therefore, the blessed Holy One said to Israel: My children, even though the Temple is destroyed and the sacrifices are nullified and the sacrifice of the burnt offering is not practiced, if you occupy yourselves with reading the portion of the burnt offering and study the portion of sacrifices, I reckon it to you as if you were offering the sacrifice of a burnt offering before Me, as is said, This it the teaching for the burnt offering (Leviticus 7:37)—one who occupies himself with the teaching of the burnt offering merits life in the world to come. What is written above? Should a person offend and betray YHWH’s trust and dissemble with his fellow [about a deposit or a pledge, or by theft, or defraud his fellow, or should he find something lost… he shall pay back the principal and add a fifth to him to whom it belongs he shall give it, when his guilt is confirmed] (Leviticus 5:21). And afterwards: This it the teaching for the burnt offering. Isaiah said: For I, YHWH, love justice, and hate robbery (Isaiah 61:8)—with a burnt offering. The blessed Holy One says: Do not say, ‘I will steal and defraud, and bring a burnt offering and it will atone for me.’ Since I hate theft, even with a burnt offering made for theft. And if the world wants Me to accept a burnt offering, return the theft to its owner. Afterwards, if he bring up a burnt offering for it, I will accept it, as is said, For I, YHWH… hate robbery with a burnt offering—I hate the burnt offering when the theft is still in his hand.

And one who reads the teaching of the burnt offering is as if he brings and offers up a burnt offering before the blessed Holy One. Therefore, happy is the one who teaches himself Torah and gives his money to teach himself and his sons, as is said, And this is the teaching of the communion sacrifice (Leviticus 7:11). Israel said before the blessed Holy One: Master of the Universe: Behold You command us that we bring all of these sacrifices. When the Temple was still in existence, a man that offended brought a sacrifice and it ransomed for him. And so [too], he brought a meal offering and it was accepted. But now that the Temple is destroyed, what can we do for our offenses and for our guilt? The blessed Holy One said to them: If you want them to be atonement for you, keep My laws, and I will reckon it to you as if you offered up sacrifice before Me. From where is this known? This is the teaching for the burnt offering, for the grain offering, and for the offense offering and for the guilt offering and for the installation offering and for the communion sacrifice [which YHWH charged Moses on Mount Sinai…] (Leviticus 7:37). Do not read it so: [This is the teaching לָעוֹלָה (la-olah), for the burnt offering…], but rather: This is the teaching לֹא לָעוֹלָה (lo la-olah), not the burnt offering, not the grain offering, and not the offense offering and not the guilt offering and not the installation offering and not the communion sacrifice. Rather, occupy yourselves with Torah, and it will be reckoned by Me as if you offered up all of the sacrifices before Me. Therefore, David said, How I loved Your teaching. All day long it was my theme (Psalms 119:97)—since I know that engaging in Your Torah atones for crime, thus How I loved Your teaching.

What is [This is the teaching of the burnt offering. It is the very burnt offering] over its flame on the altar all night till morning (Leviticus 6:2)? That they burn the fats and the limbs the entire night. And the prayers were instituted corresponding to the sacrifices [cf. BT Berakhot 26b: ‘Rabbi Yehoshu’a son of Levi says: The prayers were instituted to replace the daily sacrifices’]. Now that we do not have burnt offerings, nor sacrifices, nor meal offerings, nor guilt offerings, they instituted them as prayers. And the evening prayer can be brought the whole night, just as we bring limbs and fats the whole night. But the Patriarchs instituted the prayers, and this means to say, its burning is on the altar the whole night. And why was the burning on the altar and not in another place? Rather, the verse says, An earthen altar shall you make for Me, [and you shall sacrifice upon it your burnt offerings and your communion sacrifices, your sheep and your cattle] (Exodus 20:24). Why earthen? Because the human was created from the soil, and his name was called אָדָם (adam), human, because he was taken from the אֲדָמָה (adamah), humus. And we offer up burnt offerings and sacrifices on that altar, made of earth, to atone for the body that is taken from the soil. And from where do we know that it ransoms for a life? As is written, For the life of all flesh, its blood is in its life (Leviticus 17:14). And it also says, for it is the blood that ransoms in exchange for life (ibid., 11). And cast the blood round the altar (ibid. 1:5). And cast the blood—the life; round the altar—of soil which is like the body; that ransoms in exchange for life. A perpetual fire shall keep burning on the altar. It shall not go out (ibid. 6:6). And it says, And they shall go out and see the corpses of the people who rebelled against Me, for their worm shall never die and their fire shall not go out (Isaiah 66:24)—those that deny the Omnipresent. But the perpetual fire on the altar atones for the offenses of Israel.

And what is מִזְבֵּחַ (mizbeaḥ), altar? מ (Mem)—מְחִלָּה (meḥillah), wipe out, as it מּוֹחֵל (moḥel), pardons, their crimes; ז (zayin)—זְכוּת (zechut), merit, as it gives them merit for the world to come; ב (bet)—בְּרָכָה (berakhah), blessing, as the blessed Holy One brings them blessing in the work of their hands; ח (ḥet)—חַיִּים (ḥayyim), life, as they merit life in the world to come. One who leaves all of these (pardon, merit, blessing, and life) and goes and serves foreign worship, is burned by His great fire, as is said, For YHWH your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God (Deuteronomy 4:24). How is He jealous? As is said, And I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness (Hosea 2:22)—just as a husband is jealous for his wife, so too the blessed Holy One is jealous, as is said, [As a young man beds a virgin…] and a bridegroom’s rejoicing over the bride [shall your God rejoice over you] (Isaiah 62:5). One who leaves all these will be burnt by His great fire, as is said, For their worm shall never die and their fire shall not go out, and they shall be a horror to all flesh (ibid. 66:24). However, if he repents, the fire burning on the altar ransoms for him and extinguishes the fires of Hell” (Tanḥuma, Tsav 14).

“Rabbi Abba said, ‘I remember something that I heard from the Holy Lamp [Rabbi Shim’on son of Yoḥai], who heard it in the name of Rabbi Eli’ezer [son of Hyrcanus]. One day, a certain clever Gentile came to him and said, Old man, old man… you say that another Temple will be built for you, whereas only two were supposed to be built: the First Temple and the Second Temple—a Third Temple and a Fourth Temple you will not find in the Torah! Surely, what is meant to be built has already been built, and there will never be any more; for, after all, Scripture calls them the two houses of Israel (Isaiah 8:14), and it is written The glory of this last house will be greater than the first (Haggai 2:9)….’

[The Gentile] said, ‘Old man, old man, don’t say anything to me, because I won’t listen to you or accept it!’ [cf. Proverbs 18:2: A fool does not care for discerning but for exposing his inner thoughts; ibid. 26:4–5: Do not answer a dolt by his folly, lest you, too, be like him. Answer the dolt by his folly, lest he seem wise in his own eyes].

Rabbi Eli’ezer raised his eyes and gazed at him, and he turned into a heap of bones. When his wrath subsided, he turned his head and wept. He said, ‘YHWH our Lord, how majestic is Your name throughout the earth! (Psalms 8:2). How mighty is the holy power throughout the earth! There is not a single tiny word appearing in the Torah that has not issued from the mouth of the blessed Holy One. These things asked by that wicked man I asked Elijah one day, and he said that they had been presented in the Heavenly Academy before the blessed Holy One.

For when Israel came out of Egypt, the blessed Holy One wished to make them on earth like holy angels above, and He wanted to build for them a holy house, bring it down from the utmost heavens, and plant Israel as a holy shoot corresponding to the image above. As is written: You will bring them, You will plant them on the mount of Your heritage. In which? A firm place for Your dwelling You fashioned, O YHWH (Exodus 15:17)—in the one that You fashioned Yourself, no one else—the First Temple. The sanctuary, O YHWH, Your hands firmly founded—the Second Temple. Both of them, the artistry of the blessed Holy One.

But because they angered Him in the desert, they died, and the blessed Holy One brought into the Land their children—who learned their ways—and the house was built by human hands. Consequently, it did not endure; and Solomon said, Unless YHWH builds the house, its builders labor in vain (Psalms 127:1), for it has no endurance [cf. Zohar 1:74a; Shir ha-Shirim Rabbah on 1:1 (5): ‘Rabbi Berekhiah said, It is not written here: The House that they were building, but rather: The House, in its being built (1 Kings 6:7). It was built by itself!’].

In the days of Ezra, sin took its toll—due to various transgressions—and they were forced to build it themselves, so it did not endure. Until now, the original building of the blessed Holy One has never appeared in the world. For it is written: YHWH builds Jerusalem (Psalms 147:2)—He and no one else. It is this building we await, not a human building, which has no endurance at all [cf. MekhiltaShirta 10; Melkhilta de-Rashbi, Exodus 15:17; Avot de-Rabbi Natan A, 1; Targum Yerushalmi, Exodus 15:17; TanḥumaNoaḥ 11; Pequdei 11; Tanḥuma (Buber), Noaḥ 17; Pesiqta Rabbati 31, 142b; Yalqut Shim’oni, Psalms 848; Rashi on Exodus 15:17; idem, Rosh ha-Shanah 30a, s.v. la tserikhaSukkah 41a; Zohar 1:114a (MhN), 183b; 2:59a–b, 108a–b].

The blessed Holy One will bring down the First Temple and the Second Temple as one from above—the First Temple, concealed [Binah]; the Second Temple, revealed [Malkhut]. The house called Second Temple will be revealed, so that the artistry of the blessed Holy One will be visible to the whole world—total joy, aspiration of the heart, in full existence.

That First Temple, concealed, will ascend high above the one revealed; and the whole world will see clouds of glory surrounding the revealed one; and within those clouds will be the First Temple, in hidden fashioning, rising to the height of the glorious heavens. It is this building that we await, which has never existed in the world.

Even the city of Jerusalem will not be the work of human hands, for it is written: I Myself—declares YHWH—will be a wall of fire around her… (Zechariah 2:9). If this is what is written about the city, all the more so for the Temple, which is His dwelling. This act should have happened at first, when Israel came out of Egypt, but it has been deferred to the end of days in the final redemption” (Zohar 3:220b–221a).

“Come and see: Four hundred years, the minister of the children of Ishmael stood and begged before the blessed Holy One: ‘Whoever is circumcised has a portion in Your name.’ He said to him, ‘it is so.’ ‘Behold Ishmael who is circumcised. Why does he not have a portion in You like Isaac?’ He said to him, ‘It is not so, the one was circumcised properly and according to the full requirements, while the other was not so [as Ishmael do not fulfill פּרִיעָה (peri’ah), uncovering, which is alluded to by the verse: He will be פֶּרֶא אָדָם (pere adam), a wild ass of a man, his hand against all, the hand of all against him… (Genesis 16:12, see Zohar 2:86a; 3:192b). אָתוֹן (Aton), she-ass, is numerically equivalent to יִשְׁמָעֵאל (Yishma’el), Ishmael)].

Moreover, they cleave to Me as is specified, on the eighth day, while the others are distanced from me for many days [being circumcised only at age thirteen, see Bereshit Rabbah 55:4].’ ‘But still in all, since he is circumcised, would he not have a good reward for this?’ [Rabbi Ḥiyya said:] Woe is to the time that Ishmael was born into the world and was circumcised. What did the blessed Holy One do? He distanced the children of Ishmael from supernal cleaving and gave them a portion below in the Holy Land, because of their circumcision. And in the future, the children of Ishmael are destined to rule over the Holy Land for a long time when it is empty, like their circumcision, empty and imperfect. And they will prevent the children of Israel from returning to their place until the reward for the merit of the children of Ishmael reaches completion.

The children of Ishmael will cause great wars in the world and the children of Edom will gather against them, and wage war against them, one on the sea, one on the dry land, and one near Jerusalem. And they will rule over each other, but the Holy Land will not be given over to the children of Edom [cf. Numbers 24:19]. At that time, a nation from the end of the earth will be roused against evil Rome and wage war against it for three months. Nations will gather there, and will fall into their hands until all the children of Edom will gather against it from all the corners of the world. Then the blessed Holy One will be roused against them. This is the meaning of For YHWH has a sacrifice in Botzrah (Isaiah 34:6). And afterwards, it is written That it might take hold of the ends of the earth (Job 38:13).

He will destroy the descendants of Ishmael from the Land, and break all [its] powers above. There will not remain any power of any people on earth, except the power of Israel alone. This is the meaning of YHWH is your shade upon your right hand (Psalms 121:5). For the Holy Name is on the right, and the Torah is on the right. Therefore, everything stems from the right. We have learned that one should raise the right over the left, as it is written In His right hand a fiery law (Deuteronomy 33:2). In the time to come: Save with Your right hand and answer me (Psalms 60:7). And of that time, it is written: For then I will purify the language of the peoples, that all of them may call upon the name of YHWH and serve Him shoulder to shoulder (Zephaniah 3:9), and On that day YHWH will be one, and His name will be One (Zechariah 14:9)” (Zohar 2:32a).